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Since the early 1990s BIDs found their way due to a fast policy transfer across the Atlantic: First to the UK and now finally to Germany. Here they are regarded either as an offer the local business community cannot afford to refuse (i.e. some Chambers of Commerce) or as “civil society in action” (parts of the Green Party). Others regard them as questionable under constitutional law and as an instrument to privatize cities (the civil rights movement) or as “the next step towards further exclusion” of disadvantaged groups (i.e. churches and homeless service providers). We analyze these claims and offer empirical evidence from North America and Britain and eventually assess the prospects for Germany.
This is the English abstract of our German article. You can buy a copy of PROKLA 149: Globalisierung und Spaltungen in den Städten at your local bookstore, at Amazon or order it directly from the publisher. The price is 12 Euro and it is well spend.
Eric Töpfer, Volker Eick Jens Sambale (2007): Business Improvement Districts. New Instrument for Containment and Exclusion. Lessons from North America and Britain, in: PROKLA. Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft, Heft 149, 37 Jg., 2007, Nr. 4, 511-528
As promised, a PDF Version of the GERMAN article is available now. See the link below